How to Get Rid of Rats in House Naturally

Rats are a common unwanted house guest that can be difficult to get rid of once they have taken up residence. Not only can rats cause damage to your home and belongings, but they can also pose health risks to you and your family. Will discuss signs of a rat infestation, reasons why rats may be attracted to your home, side effects of having rats in your home, and natural ways to get rid of them.

Reasons for Infestation

Rats are attracted to homes for a variety of reasons, and it is important to identify what is attracting them to be able to get rid of them effectively. Some common reasons for rat infestations include:

Food sources

The presence of food sources that attract rats. Rats will eat just about anything, but they prefer foods with high-fat content, such as potato chips and candy. They also like cheese, bread, nuts, and pet food.

Whisker biscuits, which contain seeds that are similar to human food, are another favorite for rats. Keep all food stored in tight containers or cabinets where it’s not accessible to rats or other pests like mice and cockroaches.

Poor sanitation

A dirty home is an attractive one for rats because it means more garbage and trash for them to eat. The filth also provides breeding grounds for fleas and other pests that can spread disease or irritate people who live in the home.

The presence of water sources makes it easier for rats to access food sources even further inside homes than normal. Water pipes often leak under sinks or toilets, providing easy access into the walls from below ground level up into the attic space above your kitchen cabinets


Rats like to nest in dark, cluttered areas, so reducing clutter in your home can make it less attractive to them.

Holes or gaps in your home

Rats can enter your home through even the smallest of holes, so sealing up any gaps or holes in your walls or foundation is important in preventing an infestation.

Signs of a Rat Infestation

Before you can address a rat infestation, it is important to be able to identify the signs that rats are present in your home. Some common signs of a rat infestation include:

  • Gnaw marks: Rats have teeth that are constantly growing, so they will gnaw on anything they can find to keep them under control. Look for gnaw marks on wooden furniture, baseboards, and other household items.
  • Droppings: Rat droppings look like small pellets and are often found near food sources or in hidden areas such as behind furniture or appliances.
  • Rub marks: Rats will create greasy rub marks along the walls as they travel through your home.
  • Scratching or scurrying noises: Rats are nocturnal and will be most active at night, so you may hear scratching or scurrying noises in your walls or ceiling.

Side Effects of Having Rats in Your Home

Aside from the obvious damage to your home and belongings, having rats in your home can also pose health risks to you and your family. Some side effects of having rats in your home include:

  • Disease: Rats can carry diseases that can be spread to humans through their droppings or urine. Some common diseases include salmonella, hantavirus, and rat-bite fever.
  • Allergic reactions: Some people may experience allergy symptoms such as sneezing and itchy eyes when exposed to rat droppings or fur.
  • Damage to electrical wiring: Rats have been known to cause house fires by chewing through electrical wiring.

Natural Ways to Get Rid of Rats

If you have identified a rat infestation in your home, there are several natural ways to get rid of it without resorting to harsh chemicals. Some natural methods include:

Eliminate food sources

Rats need food and water to survive. Make sure you remove all food sources from your home, including pet food, trash, and other items that may attract rats.

You should also make sure there are no leaks in your plumbing system because this could result in moldy areas where rats can live.

Use traps

Traps are an effective method for eliminating rats from your home. There are many different types of traps available, including snap traps and glue boards. The best type of trap will depend on what kind of bait works best for your situation.

You also need to make sure that you place the trap in the right location so it doesn’t get blocked by other objects or become inaccessible due to furniture being moved around the house.

Snap Traps: Snap traps are the most widely used type of rat trap. They function by swiftly and humanely killing the rat once it is triggered. You can entice rats with a variety of bait options, such as peanut butter or cheese.

Live Traps: These traps are designed to capture rats alive, allowing you to release them elsewhere. Typically made of wire mesh, live traps can be baited with food to attract the rats.

Electronic Traps: Modern electronic traps employ high voltage to electrocute the rat efficiently. Although more costly than traditional snap traps, they tend to be more effective.

Glue Traps: Glue traps consist of adhesive boards that ensnare rats upon contact. While considered less humane than other trapping methods, they can effectively immobilize rats, though potentially causing harm.

Make a Mouse-Repelling Pepper Spray

To deter mice from entering your home, you can create a homemade pepper spray using spicy chili peppers. The heat from the peppers will cause discomfort to the mice, compelling them to leave the area. Follow the steps below to make your mouse-repelling pepper spray:


  • ½ cup of chopped habaneros
  • 1 tablespoon of hot pepper flakes
  • 16 cups of water
  • 2 two-gallon buckets
  • 1 one-gallon jug
  • 1 spray bottle
  • Cheesecloth
  • Gloves and goggles
  • Large pot


  1. Ensure your safety by wearing gloves and goggles before working with the peppers, as they can irritate the skin and eyes.
  2. Boil the water in a large pot.
  3. Roughly blend the habaneros and pepper flakes.
  4. Transfer the pepper blend to one of the two-gallon buckets and pour the boiling water over it.
  5. Cover the mixture and let it sit undisturbed for 24 hours.
  6. After the waiting period, strain the mixture through cheesecloth into the second two-gallon bucket.
  7. Transfer the liquid into a spray bottle for easy application.
  8. Apply the pepper spray around entrances and areas commonly frequented by mice.
  9. For best results, use the spray both indoors and outdoors. Indoor areas should be treated every two days, remembering to wipe away the previous application.

Peppermint oil

Rats are repelled by the strong scent of peppermint oil. Soak cotton balls in peppermint oil and place them in areas where rats are known to frequent.

Essential oil sprays

Many essential oils, such as cinnamon, tea tree, and eucalyptus, are effective at repelling rats. Create a spray by mixing a few drops of your chosen essential oil with water and spraying in areas where rats are present.

Sealing up entry points

Rats will enter your home through any opening large enough for them to squeeze through. You need to seal all entry points so that the rats cannot get into your home anymore.

This includes cracks around windows, doors, and foundation walls; openings around utility lines like electrical wires or plumbing pipes; gaps around water meters; holes leading into crawl spaces; holes leading into attics or basements; etc…

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, rats can be unwanted house guests that pose both health risks and threats to your home. By identifying signs of a rat infestation, finding the reasons they may be attracted to your home, and using natural methods to get rid of them, you can effectively keep your home rat-free and keep your family safe.

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